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virt-install - provision new virtual machines
Unless the 'port' parameter is also provided, the VNC server will run on the first free port number at 5900 or above. The actual VNC display allocated can be obtained using the 'vncdisplay' command to 'virsh' (or virt-viewer (1) can be used which handles this detail for the use).
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virt-install [ OPTION ]..
virt-install is a command line tool for creating new KVM , Xen, or Linux container guests using the 'libvirt' hypervisormanagement library. See the EXAMPLES section at the end of this document to quickly get started.
virt-install tool supports both text based & graphical installations, using VNC or SDL graphics, or a text serialconsole. The guest can be configured to use one or more virtual disks, network interfaces, audio devices, physical USB or PCIdevices, among others.
The installation media can be held locally or remotely on NFS , HTTP , FTP servers. In the latter case'virt-install' will fetch the minimal files necessary to kick off the installation process, allowing the guest to fetch the rest of theOS distribution as needed. PXE booting, and importing an existing disk image (thus skipping the install phase) are alsosupported.
Given suitable command line arguments, 'virt-install' is capable of running completely unattended, with the guest 'kickstarting' itself too. Thisallows for easy automation of guest installs. An interactive mode is also available with the --prompt option, but this will only ask for the minimum requiredoptions.
Most options are not required. Minimum requirements are --name, --ram, guest storage (--disk, --filesystem or --nodisks), and an install option.-h, --helpShow the help message and exit--connect=CONNECTConnect to a non-default hypervisor. The default connection is chosen based on the following rules:
If running on a host with the Xen kernel (checks against /proc/xen)qemu:///systemIf running on a bare metal kernel as root (needed for KVM installs)qemu:///session
If running on a bare metal kernel as non-root
It is only necessary to provide the '--connect' argument if this default prioritization is incorrect, eg if wanting to use QEMUwhile on a Xen kernel.
General OptionsGeneral configuration parameters that apply to all types of guest installs.-n NAME , --name=NAMEName of the new guest virtual machine instance. This must be unique amongst all guests known to the hypervisor on the connection, including those notcurrently active. To re-define an existing guest, use the virsh(1) tool to shut it down ('virsh shutdown') & delete ('virsh undefine') it prior torunning 'virt-install'.-r MEMORY , --ram=MEMORYMemory to allocate for guest instance in megabytes. If the hypervisor does not have enough free memory, it is usual for it to automatically take memory awayfrom the host operating system to satisfy this allocation.--arch=ARCHRequest a non-native CPU architecture for the guest virtual machine. If omitted, the host CPU architecture will be used in theguest.--machine=MACHINEThe machine type to emulate. This will typically not need to be specified for Xen or KVM , but is useful for choosing machine types of moreexotic architectures.-u UUID , --uuid=UUIDUUID for the guest; if none is given a random UUID will be generated. If you specify UUID , you should use a32-digit hexadecimal number. UUID are intended to be unique across the entire data center, and indeed world. Bear this in mind if manuallyspecifying a UUID--vcpus=VCPUS[,maxvcpus=MAX][,sockets=#][,cores=#][,threads=#]
Number of virtual cpus to configure for the guest. If 'maxvcpus' is specified, the guest will be able to hotplug up to MAX
vcpus while theguest is running, but will startup with VCPUS
CPU topology can additionally be specified with sockets, cores, and threads. If values are omitted, the rest will be autofilled preferingsockets over cores over threads.--cpuset=CPUSETSet which physical cpus the guest can use. 'CPUSET' is a comma separated list of numbers, which can also be specified in ranges or cpus to exclude.Example:If the value 'auto' is passed, virt-install attempts to automatically determine an optimal cpu pinning using NUMA data, if available.--numatune=NODESET,[mode=MODE]
policy for the domain process. Example invocationsSpecifies the numa nodes to allocate memory from. This has the same syntax as '--cpuset'
option. mode can be one of 'interleave', 'preferred', or'strict' (the default). See 'man 8 numactl' for information about each mode.
The nodeset string must use escaped-quotes if specifying any other option.--cpu MODEL[,+feature][,-feature][,match=MATCH][,vendor=VENDOR]
Configure the CPU
model and CPU
features exposed to the guest. The only required value is MODEL
, which is avalid CPU
model as listed in libvirt's cpu_map.xml file.
Specific CPU features can be specified in a number of ways: using one of libvirt's feature policy values force, require, optional, disable,or forbid, or with the shorthand '+feature' and '-feature', which equal 'force=feature' and 'disable=feature' respectively
Some examples:--cpu core2duo,+x2apic,disable=vmxExpose the core2duo CPU model, force enable x2apic, but do not expose vmx--cpu hostExpose the host CPUs configuration to the guest. This enables the guest to take advantage of many of the host CPUs features (better performance), but maycause issues if migrating the guest to a host without an identical CPU .--descriptionHuman readable text description of the virtual machine. This will be stored in the guests XML configuration for access by otherapplications.--security type=TYPE[,label=LABEL][,relabel=yes no]Configure domain security driver settings. Type can be either 'static' or 'dynamic'. 'static' configuration requires a security LABEL .Specifying LABEL without TYPE implies static configuration. To have libvirt automatically apply your static label, you mustspecify relabel=yes.
Installation Method options-c CDROM , --cdrom=CDROMFile or device use as a virtual CD-ROM device for fully virtualized guests. It can be path to an ISO image, or to a CDROMdevice. It can also be a URL from which to fetch/access a minimal boot ISO image. The URLs take the same format as described forthe '--location' argument. If a cdrom has been specified via the '--disk' option, and neither '--cdrom' nor any other install optionis specified, the '--disk' cdrom is used as the install media.-l LOCATION , --location=LOCATION
Distribution tree installtion source. virt-install can recognize certain distribution trees and fetches a bootable kernel/initrd pair to launch the install.
With libvirt 0.9.4 or later, network URL installs work for remote connections. virt-install will download kernel/initrd to the local machine,and then upload the media to the remote host. This option requires the URL to be accessible by both the local and remote host.
The 'LOCATION' can take one of the following forms:DIRECTORYPath to a local directory containing an installable distribution imagenfs:host:/path or nfs://host/pathAn NFS server location containing an installable distribution imagehttp://host/pathAn HTTP server location containing an installable distribution imageftp://host/pathAn FTP server location containing an installable distribution imageSome distro specific url samples:Fedora/Red Hat Basedhttp://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/10/Fedora/i386/os/Debian/Ubuntuhttp://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/dists/etch/main/installer-amd64/Susehttp://download.opensuse.org/distribution/11.0/repo/oss/Mandrivaftp://ftp.uwsg.indiana.edu/linux/mandrake/official/2009.0/i586/--pxeUse the PXE boot protocol to load the initial ramdisk and kernel for starting the guest installation process.--importSkip the OS installation process, and build a guest around an existing disk image. The device used for booting is the first device specifiedvia '--disk' or '--filesystem'.--init=INITPATHPath to a binary that the container guest will init. If a root '--filesystem' is has been specified, virt-install will default to /sbin/init,otherwise will default to /bin/sh.--livecdSpecify that the installation media is a live CD and thus the guest needs to be configured to boot off the CDROM devicepermanently. It may be desirable to also use the '--nodisks' flag in combination.-x EXTRA , --extra-args=EXTRAAdditional kernel command line arguments to pass to the installer when performing a guest install from '--location'. One common usage is specifyingan anaconda kickstart file for automated installs, such as --extra-args 'ks=http://myserver/my.ks'--initrd-inject=PATH
to the root of the initrd fetched with '--location'
. This can be used to run an automated install without requiring anetwork hosted kickstart file:
--initrd-inject=/path/to/my.ks --extra-args 'ks=file:/my.ks'--os-type=OS_TYPE
Optimize the guest configuration for a type of operating system (ex. 'linux', 'windows'). This will attempt to pick the most suitable ACPI
settings, optimally supported mouse drivers, virtio, and generally accommodate other operating system quirks.
By default, virt-install will attempt to auto detect this value from the install media (currently only supported for URL installs).Autodetection can be disabled with the special value 'none'
See '--os-variant' for valid options.--os-variant=OS_VARIANT
Further optimize the guest configuration for a specific operating system variant (ex. 'fedora8', 'winxp'). This parameter is optional, and does not requirean '--os-type'
to be specified.
By default, virt-install will attempt to auto detect this value from the install media (currently only supported for URL installs).Autodetection can be disabled with the special value 'none'.
If the special value 'list' is passed, virt-install will print the full list of variant values and exit. The printed format is not a stable interface,DO NOT PARSE IT .
If the special value 'none' is passed, no os variant is recorded and OS autodetection is disabled.
Values for some recent OS options are:win7 : Microsoft Windows 7vista : Microsoft Windows Vistawinxp64 : Microsoft Windows XP (x86_64)winxp : Microsoft Windows XPwin2k8 : Microsoft Windows Server 2008win2k3 : Microsoft Windows Server 2003freebsd8 : FreeBSD 8.xgeneric : Genericdebiansqueeze : Debian Squeezedebianlenny : Debian Lennyfedora16 : Fedora 16fedora15 : Fedora 15fedora14 : Fedora 14mes5.1 : Mandriva Enterprise Server 5.1 and latermandriva2010 : Mandriva Linux 2010 and laterrhel6 : Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6rhel5.4 : Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 or laterrhel4 : Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4sles11 : Suse Linux Enterprise Server 11sles10 : Suse Linux Enterprise Serverubuntuoneiric : Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot)ubuntunatty : Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal)ubuntumaverick : Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)ubuntulucid : Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid Lynx)ubuntuhardy : Ubuntu 8.04 LTS (Hardy Heron)Use '--os-variant list' to see the full OS list--boot=BOOTOPTS
Optionally specify the post-install VM
boot configuration. This option allows specifying a boot device order, permanently booting offkernel/initrd with option kernel arguments, and enabling a BIOS
boot menu (requires libvirt 0.8.3 or later)
--boot can be specified in addition to other install options (such as --location, --cdrom, etc.) or can be specified on it's own. In the latter case,behavior is similar to the --import install option: there is no 'install' phase, the guest is just created and launched as specified.
Some examples:--boot cdrom,fd,hd,network,menu=onSet the boot device priority as first cdrom, first floppy, first harddisk, network PXE boot. Additionally enable BIOS bootmenu prompt.--boot kernel=KERNEL,initrd=INITRD,kernel_args='console=/dev/ttyS0'Have guest permanently boot off a local kernel/initrd pair, with the specified kernel options.
Storage Configuration--disk=DISKOPTSSpecifies media to use as storage for the guest, with various options. The general format of a disk string isTo specify media, the command can either be:or explicitly specify one of the following arguments:path
A path to some storage media to use, existing or not. Existing media can be a file or block device. If installing on a remote host, the existing media mustbe shared as a libvirt storage volume.
Specifying a non-existent path implies attempting to create the new storage, and will require specifyng a 'size' value. If the base directory of the path isa libvirt storage pool on the host, the new storage will be created as a libvirt storage volume. For remote hosts, the base directory is required to be astorage pool if using this method.poolAn existing libvirt storage pool name to create new storage on. Requires specifying a 'size' value.vol
An existing libvirt storage volume to use. This is specified as 'poolname/volname'.Other available options:deviceDisk device type. Value can be 'cdrom', 'disk', or 'floppy'. Default is 'disk'. If a 'cdrom' is specified, and no install method is chosen, the cdrom isused as the install media.bus
Disk bus type. Value can be 'ide', 'scsi', 'usb', 'virtio' or 'xen'. The default is hypervisor dependent since not all hypervisors support all bustypes.permsDisk permissions. Value can be 'rw' (Read/Write), 'ro' (Readonly), or 'sh' (Shared Read/Write). Default is 'rw'sizesize (in GB ) to use if creating new storagesparse
whether to skip fully allocating newly created storage. Value is 'true' or 'false'. Default is 'true' (do not fully allocate).
The initial time taken to fully-allocate the guest virtual disk (sparse=false) will be usually by balanced by faster install times inside the guest. Thususe of this option is recommended to ensure consistently high performance and to avoid I/O errors in the guest should the host filesystem fill up.cacheThe cache mode to be used. The host pagecache provides cache memory. The cache value can be 'none', 'writethrough', or 'writeback'. 'writethrough' providesread caching. 'writeback' provides read and write caching.format
Image format to be used if creating managed storage. For file volumes, this can be 'raw', 'qcow2', 'vmdk', etc. See format types in<http://libvirt.org/storage.html> for possible values. This is often mapped to the driver_type
value as well.
With libvirt 0.8.3 and later, this option should be specified if reusing and existing disk image, since libvirt does not autodetect storage format as it isa potential security issue. For example, if reusing an existing qcow2 image, you will want to specify format=qcow2, otherwise the hypervisor may not be able toread your disk image.driver_nameDriver name the hypervisor should use when accessing the specified storage. Typically does not need to be set by the user.driver_typeDriver format/type the hypervisor should use when accessing the specified storage. Typically does not need to be set by the user.io
Disk IO backend. Can be either 'threads' or 'native'.error_policyHow guest should react if a write error is encountered. Can be one of 'stop', 'none', or 'enospace'serialSerial number of the emulated disk device. This is used in linux guests to set /dev/disk/by-id symlinks. An example serial number might be:WD-WMAP9A966149See the examples section for some uses. This option deprecates '--file', '--file-size', and '--nonsparse'.--filesystem
Specifies a directory on the host to export to the guest. The most simple invocation is:Which will work for recent QEMU
and linux guest OS
containers. For QEMU
, the targetpoint is just a mounting hint in sysfs, so will not be automatically mounted.
The following explicit options can be specified:typeThe type or the source directory. Valid values are 'mount' (the default) or 'template' for OpenVZ templates.modeThe access mode for the source directory from the guest OS . Only used with QEMU and type=mount. Valid modes are 'passthrough'(the default), 'mapped', or 'squash'. See libvirt domain XML documentation for more info.sourceThe directory on the host to share.targetThe mount location to use in the guest.--nodisksRequest a virtual machine without any local disk storage, typically used for running 'Live CD ' images or installing to network storage(iSCSI or NFS root).-f DISKFILE , --file=DISKFILEThis option is deprecated in favor of '--disk path=DISKFILE'.-s DISKSIZE , --file-size=DISKSIZEThis option is deprecated in favor of '--disk ..,size=DISKSIZE,..'--nonsparseThis option is deprecated in favor of '--disk ..,sparse=false,..'
Networking Configuration-w NETWORK , --network=NETWORK,opt1=val1,opt2=val2Connect the guest to the host network. The value for 'NETWORK' can take one of 3 formats:bridge=BRIDGEConnect to a bridge device in the host called 'BRIDGE'. Use this option if the host has static networking config & the guest requires fulloutbound and inbound connectivity to/from the LAN . Also use this if live migration will be used with this guest.network=NAMEConnect to a virtual network in the host called 'NAME'. Virtual networks can be listed, created, deleted using the 'virsh' command linetool. In an unmodified install of 'libvirt' there is usually a virtual network with a name of 'default'. Use a virtual network if the hosthas dynamic networking (eg NetworkManager), or using wireless. The guest will be NATed to the LAN by whichever connection is active.userConnect to the LAN using SLIRP . Only use this if running a QEMU guest as an unprivileged user. This provides avery limited form of NAT .
If this option is omitted a single NIC
will be created in the guest. If there is a bridge device in the host with a physical interfaceenslaved, that will be used for connectivity. Failing that, the virtual network called 'default'
will be used. This option can be specified multipletimes to setup more than one NIC
Other available options are:modelNetwork device model as seen by the guest. Value can be any nic model supported by the hypervisor, e.g.: 'e1000', 'rtl8139', 'virtio', ..mac
Fixed MAC address for the guest; If this parameter is omitted, or the value 'RANDOM' is specified a suitable address will berandomly generated. For Xen virtual machines it is required that the first 3 pairs in the MAC address be the sequence '00:16:3e', while forQEMU or KVM virtual machines it must be '52:54:00'.--nonetworksRequest a virtual machine without any network interfaces.-b BRIDGE , --bridge=BRIDGEThis parameter is deprecated in favour of '--network bridge=bridge_name'.-m MAC , --mac=MACThis parameter is deprecated in favour of '--network NETWORK,mac=12:34..'
Graphics ConfigurationIf no graphics option is specified, 'virt-install' will default to '--graphics vnc' if the DISPLAY environment variable is set,otherwise '--graphics none' is used.--graphics TYPE ,opt1=arg1,opt2=arg2,..
Specifies the graphical display configuration. This does not configure any virtual hardware, just how the guest's graphical display can be accessed.Typically the user does not need to specify this option, virt-install will try and choose a useful default, and launch a suitable connection.
General format of a graphical string isFor example:The supported options are:type
The display type. This is one of:
Setup a virtual console in the guest and export it as a VNC server in the host. Unless the 'port' parameter is also provided, theVNC server will run on the first free port number at 5900 or above. The actual VNC display allocated can be obtained using the'vncdisplay' command to 'virsh' (or virt-viewer(1) can be used which handles this detail for the use).
Setup a virtual console in the guest and display an SDL window in the host to render the output. If the SDL window is closedthe guest may be unconditionally terminated.
Export the guest's console using the Spice protocol. Spice allows advanced features like audio and USB device streaming, as well as improvedgraphical performance.
Using spice graphic type will work as if those arguments were given:none
No graphical console will be allocated for the guest. Fully virtualized guests (Xen FV or QEmu/KVM) will need to have a text consoleconfigured on the first serial port in the guest (this can be done via the --extra-args option). Xen PV will set this up automatically. Thecommand 'virsh console NAME ' can be used to connect to the serial device.portRequest a permanent, statically assigned port number for the guest console. This is used by 'vnc' and 'spice'tlsportSpecify the spice tlsport.listenAddress to listen on for VNC/Spice connections. Default is typically 127.0.0.1 (localhost only), but some hypervisors allow changing this globally (forexample, the qemu driver default can be changed in /etc/libvirt/qemu.conf). Use 0.0.0.0 to allow access from other machines. This is use by 'vnc' and'spice'keymapRequest that the virtual VNC console be configured to run with a specific keyboard layout. If the special value 'local' is specified,virt-install will attempt to configure to use the same keymap as the local system. A value of 'none' specifically defers to the hypervisor. Default behavior ishypervisor specific, but typically is the same as 'local'. This is used by 'vnc'passwordRequest a VNC password, required at connection time. Beware, this info may end up in virt-install log files, so don't use an importantpassword. This is used by 'vnc' and 'spice'passwordvalidto
Set an expiration date for password. After the date/time has passed, all new graphical connections are denyed until a new password is set. This is used by'vnc' and 'spice'
The format for this value is YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS , for example 2011-04-01T14:30:15--vncThis option is deprecated in favor of '--graphics vnc,..'--vncport=VNCPORTThis option is deprecated in favor of '--graphics vnc,port=PORT,..'--vnclisten=VNCLISTENThis option is deprecated in favor of '--graphics vnc,listen=LISTEN,..'-k KEYMAP , --keymap=KEYMAPThis option is deprecated in favor of '--graphics vnc,keymap=KEYMAP,..'--sdlThis option is deprecated in favor of '--graphics sdl,..'--nographicsThis option is deprecated in favor of '--graphics none'--noautoconsoleDon't automatically try to connect to the guest console. The default behaviour is to launch a VNC client to display the graphical console, orto run the 'virsh' 'console' command to display the text console. Use of this parameter will disable this behaviour.
Virtualization Type options
are specified, this will be assumed.--containerThis guest should be a container type guest. This option is only required if the hypervisor supports other guest types as well (so for example this optionis the default behavior for LXC and OpenVZ, but is provided for completeness).--virt-typeThe hypervisor to install on. Example choices are kvm, qemu, xen, or kqemu. Availabile options are listed via 'virsh capabilities' in the <domain>tags.--acceleratePrefer KVM or KQEMU (in that order) if installing a QEMU guest. This behavior is now the default, and thisoption is deprecated. To install a plain QEMU guest, use '--virt-type qemu'--noapicForce disable APIC for the guest.--noacpiForce disable ACPI for the guest.
Device Options--host-device=HOSTDEVAttach a physical host device to the guest. Some example values for HOSTDEV:--host-device pci_0000_00_1b_0A node device name via libvirt, as shown by 'virsh nodedev-list'--host-device 001.003USB by bus, device (via lsusb).--host-device 0x1234:0x5678USB by vendor, product (via lsusb).--host-device 1f.01.02PCI device (via lspci).--soundhw MODEL
Attach a virtual audio device to the guest. MODEL
specifies the emulated sound card model. Possible values are ich6, ac97, es1370, sb16,pcspk, or default. 'default' will be AC97
if the hypervisor supports it, otherwise it will be ES1370
This deprecates the old boolean --sound model (which still works the same as a single '--soundhw default')--watchdog MODEL[,action=ACTION]Attach a virtual hardware watchdog device to the guest. This requires a daemon and device driver in the guest. The watchdog fires a signal when the virtualmachine appears to hung. ACTION specifies what libvirt will do when the watchdog fires. Values areresetForcefully reset the guest (the default)poweroffForcefully power off the guestpausePause the guestnoneDo nothingshutdownGracefully shutdown the guest (not recommended, since a hung guest probably won't respond to a graceful shutdown)MODEL
is the emulated device model: either i6300esb (the default) or ib700. Some examples:
Use the recommended settings:
Ibm multifunction devices driver download for windows 7. Use the i6300esb with the 'poweroff' action
--watchdog i6300esb,action=poweroff--parallel=CHAROPTS--serial=CHAROPTSSpecifies a serial device to attach to the guest, with various options. The general format of a serial string is--serial and --parallel devices share all the same options, unless otherwise noted. Some of the types of character device redirection are:--serial ptyPseudo TTY . The allocated pty will be listed in the running guests XML description.--serial dev,path=HOSTPATHHost device. For serial devices, this could be /dev/ttyS0. For parallel devices, this could be /dev/parport0.--serial file,path=FILENAME
Man Port Devices Driver Download Windows 10Write output to FILENAME .--serial pipe,path=PIPEPATHNamed pipe (see pipe(7))--serial tcp,host=HOST:PORT,mode=MODE,protocol=PROTOCOLTCP
net console. MODE
is either 'bind' (wait for connections on HOST:PORT
) or 'connect' (send output toHOST:PORT
), default is 'connect'. HOST
defaults to '127.0.0.1', but PORT
is required. PROTOCOL
canbe either 'raw' or 'telnet' (default 'raw'). If 'telnet', the port acts like a telnet server or client. Some examples:
Connect to localhost, port 1234:
Wait for connections on any address, port 4567:
Wait for telnet connection on localhost, port 2222. The user could then connect interactively to this console via 'telnet localhost 2222':
--serial tcp,host=:2222,mode=bind,protocol=telnet--serial udp,host=CONNECT_HOST:PORT,bind_host=BIND_HOST:BIND_PORTUDP
net console. HOST:PORT
is the destination to send output to (default HOST
is required). BIND_HOST:BIND_PORT
is the optional local address to bind to (default BIND_HOST
is 127.0.0.1,but is only set if BIND_PORT
is specified). Some examples:
Send output to default syslog port (may need to edit /etc/rsyslog.conf accordingly):
Send output to remote host 192.168.10.20, port 4444 (this output can be read on the remote host using 'nc -u -l 4444'):
--serial udp,host=192.168.10.20:4444--serial unix,path=UNIXPATH,mode=MODEUnix socket, see unix(7). MODE has similar behavior and defaults as --serial tcp,mode=MODE--channel
Specifies a communication channel device to connect the guest and host machine. This option uses the same options as --serial and --parallel for specifyingthe host/source end of the channel. Extra 'target' options are used to specify how the guest machine sees the channel.
Some of the types of character device redirection are:--channel SOURCE ,target_type=guestfwd,target_address=HOST:PORTCommunication channel using QEMU usermode networking stack. The guest can connect to the channel using the specified HOST:PORTcombination.--channel SOURCE ,target_type=virtio[,name=NAME]Communication channel using virtio serial (requires 2.6.34 or later host and guest). Each instance of a virtio --channel line is exposed in the guest as/dev/vport0p1, /dev/vport0p2, etc. NAME is optional metadata, and can be any string, such as org.linux-kvm.virtioport1. If specified, this willbe exposed in the guest at /sys/class/virtio-ports/vport0p1/NAME--channel spicevmc,target_type=virtio[,name=NAME]Communication channel for QEMU spice agent, using virtio serial (requires 2.6.34 or later host and guest). NAME is optionalmetadata, and can be any string, such as the default com.redhat.spice.0 that specifies how the guest will see the channel.--console
Connect a text console between the guest and host. Certain guest and hypervisor combinations can automatically set up a getty in the guest, so an out of thebox text login can be provided (target_type=xen for xen paravirt guests, and possibly target_type=virtio in the future).
Example:--console pty,target_type=virtioConnect a virtio console to the guest, redirected to a PTY on the host. For supported guests, this exposes /dev/hvc0 in the guest. Seehttp://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Features/VirtioSerial for more info. virtio console requires libvirt 0.8.3 or later.--video=VIDEOSpecify what video device model will be attached to the guest. Valid values for VIDEO are hypervisor specific, but some options for recentkvm are cirrus, vga, qxl, or vmvga (vmware).--smartcard=MODE[,OPTS]
Configure a virtual smartcard device.
Mode is one of host, host-certificates, or passthrough. Additional options are:typeCharacter device type to connect to on the host. This is only applicable for passthrough mode.
MAN Port Devices Driver DownloadAn example invocation:--smartcard passthrough,type=spicevmcUse the smartcard channel of a SPICE graphics device to pass smartcard info to the guestSee 'http://libvirt.org/formatdomain.html#elementsSmartcard' for complete details.
Miscellaneous Options--autostartSet the autostart flag for a domain. This causes the domain to be started on host boot up.--print-xml
If the requested guest has no install phase (--import, --boot), print the generated XML
instead of defining the guest. By default thisWILL
do storage creation (can be disabled with --dry-run).
If the guest has an install phase, you will need to use --print-step to specify exactly what XML output you want. This option implies--quiet.--print-stepActs similarly to --print-xml, except requires specifying which install step to print XML for. Possible values are 1, 2, 3, or all. Stage 1is typically booting from the install media, and stage 2 is typically the final guest config booting off hardisk. Stage 3 is only relevant for windowsinstalls, which by default have a second install stage. This option implies --quiet.--norebootPrevent the domain from automatically rebooting after the install has completed.--wait=WAITAmount of time to wait (in minutes) for a VM to complete its install. Without this option, virt-install will wait for the console to close(not neccessarily indicating the guest has shutdown), or in the case of --noautoconsole, simply kick off the install and exit. Any negative value will makevirt-install wait indefinitely, a value of 0 triggers the same results as noautoconsole. If the time limit is exceeded, virt-install simply exits, leaving thevirtual machine in its current state.--forcePrevent interactive prompts. If the intended prompt was a yes/no prompt, always say yes. For any other prompts, the application will exit.--dry-runProceed through the guest creation process, but do NOT create storage devices, change host device configuration, or actually teach libvirtabout the guest. virt-install may still fetch install media, since this is required to properly detect the OS to install.--promptSpecifically enable prompting for required information. Default prompting is off (as of virtinst 0.400.0)--check-cpuCheck that the number virtual cpus requested does not exceed physical CPUs and warn if they do.-q, --quietOnly print fatal error messages.-d, --debugPrint debugging information to the terminal when running the install process. The debugging information is also stored in'$HOME/.virtinst/virt-install.log' even if this parameter is omitted.
Install a Fedora 13 KVM guest with virtio accelerated disk/network, creating a new 8GB storage file, installing from media in the hostsCDROM drive, auto launching a graphical VNC viewerInstall a Fedora 9 plain QEMU guest, using LVM partition, virtual networking, booting from PXE , usingVNC server/viewerInstall a guest with a real partition, with the default QEMU hypervisor for a different architecture using SDL graphics, usinga remote kernel and initrd pair:Run a Live CD image under Xen fullyvirt, in diskless environmentRun /usr/bin/httpd in a linux container guest ( LXC ). Resource usage is capped at 512 MB of ram and 2 host cpus:Install a paravirtualized Xen guest, 500 MB of RAM , a 5 GB of disk, and Fedora Core 6 from a web server, intext-only mode, with old style --file options:Create a guest from an existing disk image 'mydisk.img' using defaults for the rest of the options.Test a custom kernel/initrd using an existing disk image, manually specifying a serial device hooked to a PTY on the host machine.
Written by Daniel P. Berrange, Hugh Brock, Jeremy Katz, Cole Robinson and a team of many other contributors. See the AUTHORS file in thesource distribution for the complete list of credits.
Please see http://virt-manager.org/page/BugReporting
Copyright Â© 2006-2011 Red Hat, Inc, and various contributors. This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of theGNU General Public License 'http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html'. There is NO WARRANTY , to the extent permitted bylaw.
virsh(1), 'virt-clone(1)', 'virt-manager(1)', the project website 'http://virt-manager.org'
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Logitech Wireless-Mouse-M171, install, manual, review, SetPoint, Unifying, Driver and Software Download for Windows And Mac – welcome again to our blog, we are ready to serve you and your complaints in this field. here we provide the best drivers and trusted and accurate. Our Logitech drivers are very safe and protected by dangerous viruses. because for us customer satisfaction is the main thing. We provide Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7, Mac OS X 10.11.x drivers, Mac OS X 10.12.x, Mac OS X 10.13.x, Mac OS X 10.14.x
Man Port Devices Driver Download Win 7
Whether utilizing a COMPUTER or laptop, a mouse is one of the much-needed hardware. Without a mouse present, you will have a problem navigating and giving commands to the computer system. One of the preferred computer mouse brands amongst computer or COMPUTER individuals is Logitech M170/ 171. Logitech M170/ 171 Reviews are popular as a result of the numerous advantages used by this product. The Logitech Wireless Mouse is among the more expensive mice since the price is extremely budget-friendly. Even so, the top quality of this computer mouse is very certified and can also be paired with various other great mice. Like that, Logitech is a company that has a lot of experience in creating and also marketing computer tools, consisting of a computer mouse.
So it’s just all-natural that Logitech items are understood to be excellent and also of excellent quality. As a result of his popularity, that’s why many individuals are waiting for details concerning the Logitech M170/ 171 Review. Are you additionally thinking about this computer mouse evaluation? The following is a full testimonial. Lots of people want the Logitech M170/ 171 Testimonial because of the cordless connection paired with this computer mouse. Wherewith the cordless link, you can breathe with a distance of approximately 10 meters. An additional point that makes the Logitech M170/ 171 Wireless Mouse so eye-catching to the general public is its comfort. Because you need to understand this computer mouse includes Ambidextrous design.
Permits you to use your right-hand man or left hand. The edge of the mouse is created with a patterned handle so it is not unsafe and also feels sturdy. Exactly how to use it is also simple. Because you can use the USB Nano Receiver plugs models that are available on the COMPUTER or laptop USB Port. You require to understand that the M170/ M171 computer mouse made by Logitech is a device with a plug and play connection. So you can simply link the receiver to the computer system’s USB port. Then the computer mouse can be straight utilized. You do not require to download and install extra software application to use it. From Review Logitech M170/ 171 this computer mouse is acknowledged to be able to survive without a replacement battery for less than 1 year. To make the battery life longer, you can utilize the On/ Off Switch to make sure that the dead tool can’t be utilized. Logitech M171 Driver and Software Download For Windows And Mac
Logitech M171 Specifications
|Software Support (at release)||Logitech Options|
|Connection Type||2.4 GHz Wireless connection|
|DPI (Min/Max)||1000 dpi|
|Sensor technology||Logitech Advanced Optical Tracking|
Logitech M171 Driver and Software For Windows:
Software Version: 8.00.863
Last Update: 2019-09-04
OS: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10
File Size: 188 MB
Logitech M171 Driver and Software For Mac:
Software Version: 8.02.86
Last Update: 2019-10-08
OS: macOS 10.15, macOS 10.14, macOS 10.13
File Size: 78 MB
Method 1 Connecting a Mouse with a Wireless Receiver
- Helpful? Plugin your mouse’s receiver.
- Make sure that your mouse has batteries or is charged.
- Turn on your mouse.
- Press your mouse’s “Connect” button.
- Move your mouse around to test the connection.
Use these steps to change the mouse pointer speed:
- Click Start. In the Search box, type mouse.
- Click the Pointer Options tab.
- In the Motion field, click and hold the slide bar while moving the mouse to the right or left, to adjust the mouse speed.
- Click Apply, and then click OK to save your changes.
I suggest you follow the steps below and check if it helps.
- Navigate to Start>Settings>Devices.
- Click on Mouse and Touchpad.
- In the right pane, click on Additional Mouse Settings.
- Under Pointer tab, Click on Use Default.
- Click on Apply and OK.
How do I change my mouse pointer?
- Click the lower-right Start button, type mouse in the search box and select Mouse in the results to open Mouse Properties.
- Tap Pointers, click down arrow, choose a scheme from the list and select OK.
- Change the size and color of the Mouse Pointer in the Control Panel.
- Tap Change how your mouse works.